Perhaps the best way to understand the anti-protest law that just went into effect in Spain comes in the form of a simple joke:
Person 1: How are things going in Spain?
Person 2: We can’t complain
Person 1: So all is fine?
Person 2: No, no, we *can’t* complain
Its official name — Ley de Seguridad Ciudadana — translates roughly to Public Security Law, but it’s been more commonly referred to as la Ley Mordaza, or the Gag Law. With its implementation as of 1 July, the actions that are now criminal include showing insufficient respect to a police officer, protesting in public, and not having identification on you. Notably, it also outlaws the filming of police.
The exact wording of that provision is as follows:
“El uso no autorizado de imágenes o datos personales o profesionales de autoridades o miembros de las Fuerzas y Cuerpos de Seguridad que pueda poner en peligro la seguridad personal o familiar de los agentes, de las instalaciones protegidas o en riesgo el éxito de una operación, con respeto al derecho fundamental a la información.”
Basically, it prohibits the ‘unauthorized’ use of images or personal details of police officers when it can endanger those officers, protected facilities, or the success of an operation. That’s a lot of leeway for officers to detain people trying to film potential abuses, despite a phrase tacked onto the end that promises respect for ‘the fundamental right to information.’
Offenses are punishable by a fine, as high as €30,000 in the case of filming the police and up to €600,000 for offenses like protesting near utilities, transportation hubs, nuclear power plants or similar facilities.
The law was far from popular when it was voted on in late 2014, and it’s only drawn more ire since — 75 percent of Spaniards are now against it, according to a poll by Spanish newspaper El Pais.
It has awoken 15-M, a movement initiated in 2011 to push back against austerity measures, and spurred new opposition like Acampada Mordaza, an organizing effort committed to flouting the bans, and No Somos Delito (We Are Not a Crime), a group that projected holograms of protesters around Madrid after the law was voted in.
Spanish speakers can keep up with developments from protestors using hashtags #acamapadamordaza and #leymordaza or via @AcampadaMordaza, the Twitter account of the ongoing demonstration in Madrid’s Puerta del Sol. WITNESS will also be following this and similar laws across the world as the right to record continues to be questioned, threatened, and taken away, so stay tuned to the blog.
Featured image via Carlos Delgado/Wikimedia Commons.